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Business Practices

Casinos like Caesars (formerly known as Harrah's) now make 90 percent of its gambling profits from the financial losses of 10 percent of its visitors, according to former Wall Street Journal reporter Christina Binkley’s book, “Winner Takes All.’’ That makes nine out of ten casino visitors - the casual player- irrelevant to their business model. Their profit center is that 10% which is made up of people who are addicted and heavily in debt. Casino operators attempt to elude charges of exploitation by pleading it is a “voluntary” act, hiding under the cloak of “freedom.” But by definition, someone who is an addict or someone who is in deep financial debt is not free. Some of the predatory marketing practices used to incite out-of-control gambling include: aggressively targeting people who use casino ATMs because they demonstrated a weakness to chase their losses; using “hosts” who are in constant contact with heavy gamblers away from the casino to lure them right back; enlisting “Luck Ambassadors”- casino employees who hand out small cash vouchers to gamblers who have been identified by the player tracking system as losing big money in an attempt to uplift their spirits and keep them in front of the gambling machine, all of which happens in real time on the casino floor; providing gamblers free alcohol, free meals and free lodging; and using mail, phone and email solicitations to offer free slot machine play in a continuing effort to find more people to add to the 10% to replace those who have been “played to extinction” – the phrase used by casino operators according to this article to describe those whose bank and credit card accounts have been depleted. To learn more about the most predatory business practices in the country, read the posts below.  You can also check out our Blog section titled Predatory Practices.

Casinos Hide Behind Public Relations Campaigns to Deflect Attention from the Addicts They Create and Exploit

Predatory gambling interests attempt to promote the perception they are concerned about the addicts they create and exploit for profit but the reality is they don't have a business without them. Casinos commonly use tactics like those in the story below which describes the Seminole Tribe's payment to "fight compulsive gambling." Florida state government itself stands to collect an average of $240 million a year over five years from the casino, most of which will be coming from addicted citizens. How much did the casino tribe donate to help its victims? $1.75 million. Yet another reason why the most predatory business in the country is so profitable. Florida Tribe Donation

Casinos in Their Own Words About Other Casinos

This Oregonian article describes how predatory gambling interests, in an effort to stop the development of rival casino projects, highlight the truth about how casinos destroy families and raise the crime rate in the community. Tribal Casinos Attack Measure 75 Over the Evils of Casinos

Self-Exclusion Lists Serve to Exclude Public Scrutiny of the Casino Business Model

Self-exclusion lists are another public relations ploy by predatory gambling interests to create a public impression they are care about the addicts they create and exploit. Because these out-of-control gamblers are so lucrative, it can be hard for casinos to pull themselves off of them. Mt. Airy Casino in Pennsylvania was the latest casino to get caught when it sent six targeted mailings over the course of 2 months to a gambling addict on the state's self-exclusion list. In addition, the casino allowed other addicts on the self-exclusion list to gamble at the casino and even cash checks there on five separate occasions. Self-Exclusion List Violations Lead to $40,000 Fine for Pennsylvania Casino

Wynn: “The Only Way to Win in a Casino is to Own One”

Casino owner Steve Wynn admits in this 2009 TV interview on The Charlie Rose Show that he has never seen a gambler step back, take his winnings and leave. Yet predatory gambling interests claim that to win and leave is 'normal / recreational / responsible'...  Steve Wynn admits on national television it never happens. What exactly then is 'normal (read harmless?...) casino gambling'? This video is further evidence why casinos are the most predatory business in America. Charlie Rose Interviewing Steve Wynn - Transcript

The Ugly Carpets of Vegas are Hideously Clever Social Engineering at Work

This article from discusses the interesting designs of casino carpets and how they may be designed to be purposely distracting to keep people gambling. Others believe they "are deliberately designed to obscure and camouflage gambling chips that have fallen onto the floor. The casinos sweep up a huge number of these every night. So the carpets are just another source of revenue." The Ugly Carpets of Vegas are Hideously Clever Social Engineering at Work

Why You Shouldn’t Gamble When You’re Tired

In this study, researchers at Duke University Medical School found that sleep-deprived individuals tended to make choices that emphasized monetary gain and were less likely to make choices that reduced financial loss. Sleep deprivation can also change the way the brain assesses economic value. Finally, the study also demonstrates that sleep deprivation increases sensitivity to positive rewards while diminishing sensitivity to negative consequences. Sleep Deprivation Biases the Neural Mechanisms Underlying Economic Preferences

“I Have a Feeling…I Can’t Quite Pinpoint the Research”

This April 2011 article from the Philadelphia Citypaper reports on Sands Bethlehem (PA) Casino president Robert DeSalvio testifying before the Pennsylvania Legislature that sending monthly statements to gamblers about their losses will violate privacy and may encourage citizens to gamble more because it will remind them about their loss, potentially creating the urge to chase. When asked what the basis of his claim was, he responded: "I have a feeling...I can't quite pinpoint the research." Casinos spend hundreds of millions of dollars every year to build the very best information databases on their gamblers, allowing them to send all kinds of predatory marketing materials – often in real time – with the specific intent of getting the gambler to chase. DeSalvio’s testimony was willfully dishonest. Philadelphia Citypaper - Care to Revise Your Statement

Canadian Casino Offers “Slot University” Promotion

A new promotion by Casino N.B. in Moncton is offering the opportunity for people to learn how to play slot machines for free, as a way to "maximize fun."  One former slots addict noted: "You might as well take a bottle of alcohol and set it down on a table and teach people how to're gonna get all wound up in all the action and it's slowly going to get bigger and bigger." Casino Criticized for Slot University

Australia Attempting to End Electronic Gambling Machine Tricks

Australia Senator Nick Xenophon is trying to stop certain features of electronic gambling machines (or "pokies" as they are known in that country) that trick players into thinking they have won, when they really have lost. Senator Xenophon is also requesting that the industry release machine probability accounting reports. Call to Stop Pokie Machine Tricks

Foxwoods Casino Targets “Loyal” Customers

We know from Wall Street Journal reporter Christina Binkley that casinos make 90% of their profits from 10% of their customers. So, it's no surprise that Connecticut's Foxwoods Casino has developed a new business strategy to entice it's "loyal" customers to gamble more of their money away, particularly those "customers living within 90 minutes of" Foxwoods Business Strategy

By Misleading Players, Slot Machine Design Spurs Problem Gambling

This article explains how reel electronic gambling machines (EGMs) have been designed to mislead players and have directly contributed to the high rate of problem gambling: “Unbalanced reel design must be a major factor, if not the major factor, in the maintenance of problem gambling principally because the gambler unconsciously believes he or she cannot lose.” Unlike table games, EGMs offer widely different odds of winning, which the authors compare to loaded dice or rigged carnival games. “The fact that the players do not know the rules makes the reel gambling machine unique amongst gaming devices. Not only are the players ignorant of the rules but the rules vary from machine to machine and neither the gaming industry nor the regulators disclose them. As far as transparency is concerned, the standards applicable to reel gaming machines are totally out of step with all other forms of gaming.” The authors make a strong case for establishing uniform standards, banning biased, “virtually-mapped” reels on EGMs and providing more transparency regarding the player’s chances of winning. Unbalanced Reel Gambling Machines

Why It’s Time to Disrupt the “Business as Usual” Approach to the Government Policy of Predatory Gambling

This MUST-READ report by Charles Livingstone and Richard Woolley provides what may be the best analysis about how almost 100% of the responsibility for problem gambling is placed on the backs of the afflicted citizens. Predatory gambling operators and the government accept virtually no responsibility.  The report also shows why it is time to disrupt this "business as usual" approach promoted by those who profit from the failed government policy of predatory gambling. Risky Business: A Few Provocations on the Regulation of Gaming Machines

The Tobacco and Predatory Gambling Industries Partner Up (in Secret) to Make Huge Profits

In August 2011, the Reno News and Review publishing the article below detailing how two local Chambers of Commerce in Nevada served as front groups for an influential study that was secretly paid for by the tobacco industry. Since its publication in 1996, the study has been cited repeatedly by the predatory gambling industry in its argument to oppose smoking bans in casinos. It partnered with the tobacco industry to ensure that both would continue to make huge profits of the misfortunes of their customers. This information came to light with the recent publication of the book Casino Women by Susan Chandler and Jill B. Jones.  Smoke and Mirrors - Big Tobacco and Big Casino Sold Nevadans a Bill of Goods

Predatory Gambling Interests Fund Their Own Science

This June 2008 piece from delves into how the predatory gambling industry uses some of its huge profits to fund scientific studies. The industry took a lesson from the tobacco industry and decided it was not going to claim that gambling addiction did not exist. Instead, it set up its own research arm to publish favorable research. The American Gaming Association, the predatory gambling industry's top lobbying group, created the National Center for Responsible Gaming (NCRG) in 1996 and casinos make it a point to keep it flush with money. Recently, "the NCRG announced $7.6 million in new funding commitments for the next five years, including $2 million from Harrah's, $2 million from MGM Mirage and $1 million from International Game Technology, the largest slot machine manufacturer in the world. Its board of directors includes executives from MGM Mirage, Harrah's and the casino company Boyd Gaming Corp., as well as Judy Patterson, executive director of the American Gaming Association." The NCRG's research has a common theme: that addicts of every kind, whether they are dealing with gambling or illegal drugs, have a similar brain chemistry and the casinos are not at fault for their problem. There is little research into the addictive nature of slots and other electronic gambling machines and why people who play video machines seem to get addicted faster. Gambling with Science

Gambling Limits Do Not Last

When riverboat gambling came to Iowa in 1991, limits were placed on the amount of money people could lose and gambling could only take place when boats were cruising along the river. By 1994, these betting ceilings had been removed, cruising requirements were relaxed, and land-based slot machine locations were legalized. Why is this important? Because it highlights that the predatory gambling industry constantly pushes past initial limits to expand its reach into citizens' wallets. Gambling Limits Do Not Last

Lessons From Casino Management

The general manager of Henderson, Nevada's Stetson Saloon and Casino has some advice for player club members: casinos don’t really care how much you win or lose. What matters to them is how long you play the games and how much you are willing to play. They care less about sending free slot play to frequent players (why waste it on people who are coming anyway?) and concentrate more on sending promotions to less frequent players. The manager of this casino also freely admits that, "the longer you play, the more money you are likely to lose." Casino Perks Come 3 Ways: Game, Time, Bets

Government’s Predatory Gambling Program Surpasses the Predatory Subprime Lending Business

In 2006, prior to the massive crash of the highly-predatory subprime lending business which nearly every state Attorney General sued for their predatory practices, Harrah’s top executive Rich Mirman boasted to Wall Street Journal reporter Christina Binkley: “I worked in the subprime lending industry. At least casinos are open about what they do.” The infamous subprime lender Countrywide Mortgage made a lot of money and employed a lot of people by selling bad loans to citizens who could never afford to pay them back. Countrywide's "success" was phony prosperity and it caused major damage to our economy which all of us are still paying for today. Who thinks their kind of phony prosperity is the right direction for our community and our state? How can government partner with a business like casinos whose practices go beyond these failed subprime lenders?

Penn National Finds a Way to Market to Problem Gamblers

In May 2008, the Illinois Gaming Board fined Hollywood Casino, owned by Penn National, $800,000 for marketing to customers who put themselves on the state's self-exclusion list. "As part of a campaign to develop new customers, the casino rented a list of names from a firm that operates ATM machines at Illinois casinos. In January, the casino mailed promotional materials, including coupons to use at Hollywood Casino, to nearly 15,900 people identified as prospective customers. However, the casino’s marketing department failed to check the list against the names of people enrolled in the Gaming Board’s Self-Exclusion Program. The board said 146 people in the program received the mailing." Penn National Fined $800K for Marketing to Banned Gamblers

Emerging Issues in the Use of “Free Play”

Non-negotiable slot credits, or what is commonly called "free play" has become the primary form of customer incentives in casinos. Today's casinos use mail, phone and email solicitations to offer free slot machine play to lure citizens who have rarely been to a casino before, a tactic adopted from the tobacco companies who used to hand out free cigarettes in low-income neighborhoods. This article attempts to identify the emerging issues of free play and how they are impacting the frequency of play and casino profitability. Emerging Issues with Free Play

Casino Credits Exploit Users

The casino business model is based on patrons who "chase" their losses which means people who continue gambling to try to get back the money they have already lost to the casino. Borrowing money to gamble is one of the most glaring warning signs of problem gambling. One way casinos exploit the mind set of those who chase their losses is by loaning money to gamblers who do not have the cash on hand to continue gambling at the casino. Below is an example of the predatory casinos loan process taken from the Harrah’s Metropolis (IL) Casino website on May 30, 2012. Harrah's Casino Credit Info  

Atlantic City casinos spend 40% of winnings on comps to compete with other venues

Like resorts, casinos across Atlantic City have been generous in sending out free slot-play rewards in attempts to lure customers there rather than lose them to gaming venues in other states. Statistics released last month show that Atlantic City’s 11 casinos spent an average of about 40 cents of every dollar they won in gambling on promotional allowances and expenses in September. Atlantic City casinos spend 40% of winnings on comps to compete with other venues 

Allred Sounds Alarm on VLTs

MLA Ken Allred took aim at video lottery terminals (VLTs) , questioning whether the crown corporation that runs them is being upfront with the public about how the machines work, how the finances are reported and what the true cost is to the province. Allred Sounds Alarm on VLTs

Slot Fans Drawn in by ‘Free Play’

Free play offers are luring in millions of citizens into PA casinos with the promise of free games but with the intention of creating addicts and generating cash flow. By offering free play, casinos are intentionally drawing in individuals to spend more and lose more. Slot Fans Drawn in by 'Free Play'

A look at “The Profit Optimization suite” software used by casinos to squeeze the maximum amount of money out of customers

This article provides a window into how casinos like Caesars squeeze the maximum revenue out of customers.  The software described here has increased Caesars revenue by $50 million per month (even while room occupancy rate actually declines.) The article concludes: "Filthy, you say? Maybe so. But Rainmaker has more than two dozen customers in the casino business so it's not out of the question that the company has helped customers to the tune of billions of dollars."

A look at "The Profit Optimization suite" software used by casinos to squeeze the maximum profits


Exploiting the Neuroscience of Internet Addiction

In this article the relationship between neuroscience and internet gambling is explained. The article deliniates how much of what we do online releases dopamine into the brain's pleasure centers, resulting in obsessive pleasure-seeking behavior. Technology companies face the option to exploit our addictions for profit. Exploiting the Neuroscience of Internet Addiction

Dissenting judge asserts casino “duty of care”

“It seems clear that both the casinos and the State of Indiana share a common interest in gamblers – pathological or otherwise—losing as much money as quickly as possible. One wonders if Indiana’s legislators—and more importantly, their constituents—have any qualms about balancing the State’s budget on the backs of gamblers, especially those who are least able to resist and/or afford gambling. I would conclude that public policy favors imposing a common law duty on Caesars in this case.” Wrote Judge Crone of Indiana. The casino does have a duty to its customer, a known pathological gambler, Crone argued. “To hold otherwise would be to conclude that there is no level below which a casino (and thus the State of Indiana) may not go in enticing patrons and encouraging their reckless behavior. I believe that Hoosiers would expect more from their government and the businesses that operate here.” Casino marketing models generally include evaluating how much each customer has available to lose. With that in hand, they develop corresponding enticements such as free rooms, food, and copious amounts of alcohol, to encourage “valuable” customers to lose everything they have, and then some. So far, the industry has evaded the legal issue of “duty of care.” This legal concept allows us to seek damages from others who harm us when a reasonable and prudent person should know the harm they are causing. Clearly, enticing gambling addicts and seeking to extract all of a person’s resources from them should violate the duty of care. However, casinos have and will continue to expend extraordinary resources to prevent anyone from collecting damages and setting a legal precedent that gambling business has any such duty. When government becomes a partner with gambling, it fails to protect its citizens from harm, and, as this judge’s opinion, encourage harm. Indiana Court of Appeals, Judge Crone, dissenting. Caesars Riverboat Casino Vs. Genevieve M. Gephart Indiana Judge Crone dissent

Article calls gambling executive out on lie about resort casinos

This article serves to refute a statement made by a former casino executive when he said, "the majority of people traveling to these destination resorts are not going for the primary purpose of gambling". Once the article digs deeper into the issue, it finds that most people going to resort casinos are in fact going to gamble, leaving them open to all the harms gambling causes. Companies create these resort casinos claiming that the gambling is not the main attraction when evidence shows this is not the case. 2013 Gambling advocate says most people go to high-end casinos for amenities, not gambling

Leading public health law organization spotlights casinos and how they compare to tobacco companies

Below is the must-read amicus brief filed with Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court in Spring 2014 by the prestigious Public Health Advocacy Institute at Northeastern School of Law, substantiating the very serious public health aspects of state sponsorship of commercial gambling and how it is comparable to efforts by tobacco companies to profit from a "toxic" product. PHAI's President is Richard Daynard, considered by many scholars as the key legal strategist behind the transformative litigation efforts against tobacco companies in the 1980's & 1990's. Here's the New York Times profile of him before he prevailed. 2014 PHAI brief on tobacco vs casinos

Poor Asian-Americans sell free-play cards to make a living

This article from The Morning Call details the cultural shift that comes from a growing phenomenon in the Asian-American community in urban New York. Many of these people are very poor, or even homeless, desperate for a way to make a living. Casinos will often provide $45 in free-play cards to these citizens, as a way of getting them into the door and luring them into playing. These people then take a bus for several hours to a casino, and sell these cards to gamblers at the casino, so they can have cash to support themselves. This is an unsustainable way to make a living and locks these people into inescapable poverty. 2014 Asians at Sands Bethlehem casino ride bus to live  

Report shows the bias in years of casino industry-funded research

Research into gambling and casinos has been, for years, tainted by money from casino interests, according to a new report by Goldsmiths College at the University of London. It draws on testimony from researchers who admit that they have lied, omitted data, or otherwise tampered with results of their research because it was funded by casino interests. One researcher says, "I was really scared about potentially annoying the industry and then getting my reputation trashed because I saw that happen... and it was really horrible. So I had a choice, say everything is fine. In other words, lie."  This article from The Independent details this shocking report that casts doubt on the validity of years of research. 2014 Is gambling research biased? You bet it is

Release of online gambling data shows that gambling to get rich is a bad bet

Bwin.Party Digital Entertainment, a major European online gambling company, released data on 4222 gamblers, and the math behind gambling win probabilities shows just how badly the odds are stacked against gamblers. Experts say these data figures are comparable to those of real casino here in the US, however casinos keep their data a heavily-guarded secret. The figures released show that statistically, the more you play, the more you'll lose- the heaviest gamblers had only a 5.4% chance of ending in the black, compared with 17% of the customers who placed the least amount of wagers. Furthermore, the data shows that casinos and gambling operations rely mostly on problem gamblers for their revenue- 2.8% of the customers provided half of the company's profits, and 10.7% provided 80% of revenue. All in all, these numbers reinforce phenomena that have long been known by gambling experts. This article from The Wall Street Journal summarizes the findings. 2013 How Often Do Gamblers Really Win- New data provide some answers

Casinos spend millions in promotional gambling credits

Casinos are spending more and more money on "free play" promotional credits, which lure players into the casino only to lose all the money from the credit plus some of their own cash. Casinos figure that if they send you a $25 free play credit and you come in to the casino and cash it in, by the time you leave you'll have given back well over that $25. That is part of the reason why, according to this Press of Atlantic City story, casinos are now spending 40 cents of every dollar in profit on these promotional credits, to lure you in and take their money back. Casinos spend 40% of winnings on comps

Casinos drop big money to advertise online gambling

Online gambling was recently legalized in New Jersey. However, if you live in New Jersey, you probably already knew that considering the amount of money casinos recently spent on TV and radio ads, billboards, and Internet ads promoting online gambling and begging consumers to try it. This runs contradictory, however, to the argument casino interests used in getting online gambling legalized- that people are already gambling online anyway so why not legalize it? If people were really gambling online already, then why do casinos need to spend so much to promote it? This Newark Star-Ledger article describes the media blitz. NJ casinos take over airwaves in online gambling marketing blitz

Casino data can be used to spot and prevent problem gambling

According to this article from The Wall Street Journal, the same data casinos use to track customers' gambling habits can be used to actually help gambling addicts. According to the article, "A group of addiction scientists and industry consultants say they can use casino customer-tracking information to create computerized models that can spot and warn people with high risk profiles. The new research essentially turns the industry's own data, often used in connection with loyalty cards to identify and pamper the best customers, on its head." This data could be a  huge help in fighting the estimated 8 million problem gamblers in this country. It's a wonder why casinos haven't been using this data to help problem gamblers all along... Researchers Bet Casino Data Can Identify Gambling Addicts

Nova Scotia abandons method to reduce problem gambling on VLTs

This article from the CBC News explains the Nova Scotian government's recent decision to abandon its "My-Play system" where players, using a card to activate the machine, would be able to set spending and time limits on a VLT (video lottery terminal) and see their spending habits. Gambling interests argued that this system wasn't working because people would use multiple cards- even despite a 2011 study that found that this system is effective. Gambling critics argue that this is the work of gambling interests upset about their bottom lines being hurt. The My-Play system has already been adopted and has been working quite effectively in places like Norway but now, just two years after the system as made mandatory, the system is gone and Nova Scotian gambling interests can continue to profit more and more from problem gamblers. VLT cards that track gambling habits abandoned in Nova Scotia

DE casinos to launch online operations

The three casinos in the state of Delaware are about to put in motion the first phase of their online gambling operations, which will be run through Facebook. The first phase will include only free games but within months, these casinos hope to have up and running full-fledged casino games online, running through Facebook. Delaware is now the first state in the nation to have legal casino games online. These two articles, from the USA Today and Delaware Online, describe this development, which will allow problem gamblers to throw their money away from the comfort of their own couch and allow America's kids to get sucked in through Facebook. Delaware's 3 casinos launch free online gaming Delaware casinos' online gambling will be run through Facebook

Experts warn gambling and family violence linked

An Australian advocacy group, Women's Health East, have explored the relationship between two social issues, gambling and family violence. 2015 Concerning link between online gambling advertisements and family violence, experts warn (1)

Federal Court Blocks New Jersey Attempt to introduce Sports Betting at Casino and Tracks

New Jersey’s plan to legalize sports books at casinos and racetracks was rejected by the United States Court of Appeals, which upheld the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act which prohibits authorizing sports betting. Of the twelve justices hearing the case in February, ten voted to uphold the Federal law. New Jersey wanted the exemption to build up revenues at the casinos and tracks which have been hard hit by competition from gambling in other nearby states. Nevada, the only state that has legal sports books, took in $4.2 billion last year. The estimates of illegal sports book gambling was $150 billion. As a result of this decision, a lobbying effort will begin next year for the withdrawal of the 1992 law that the judges upheld. The claim of proponents is that the illegal bets with bookies is sometimes dangerous, while the sports leagues and the NCAA argue that legalizing will lead to even more attempts to fix games to gain a gambling edge. The professional sports leagues are sending mixed messages, however, since the NBA is pushing for legal gambling on basketball games, the National Hockey League has awarded a franchise to Las Vegas, and the National Football League is considering moving the Oakland Raiders to Vegas as well. Two football owners have stakes in Fantasy Sports companies. As we all watch the continuing expansion of gambling, we wonder just where it will end, and how seedy the institutions of government and sports in this country will become. While the percentage who gamble and approve expansion has remained stable for several years, the amount of our national wealth that is going down the drain to the gamblers continues to increase. Between our national debt and our gambling losses, it remains to be seen how long our wobbly economy can last.   Joe Drape, “Federal Court Blocks New Jersey Plan to Legalize Sports Betting,” The New York Times. August 9, 2016.

Why Sheldon Adelson Opposes DFS

Sheldon Adelson is the owner of the largest gambling empire in Las Vegas, the Sands. He is the main mover behind the $1.9 billion football stadium planned for Las Vegas and the move of the Oakland Raiders to Las Vegas. While he makes his money extracting money from casino players, he sees a difference between what he does and the exploitation of the young and the poor through DFS games. He is opposed to legalizing them and he claims that his opposition is not just based on not wanting the competition. Nevada recently determined that DFS is gambling, did not outlaw it, but required that providers of DFS must seek a gambling license. Most DFS companies will not do that because they claim they are not providing gambling. One small vendor has applied for a license and has opened lounges in a few Vegas casinos. But, effectively DFS is banned from Nevada. Adelson is temporarily satisfied with Nevada’s action because he believes that DFS is immoral, preying upon the poor and the young. Adelson differentiates his own predatory gambling as being upon the wealthy an middle class who go to Las Vegas to gamble and for whom the casino can refuse to serve them if they are exhibiting signs of getting too deeply engrossed in the games. The distinction between a predatory casino and a predatory DFS provider may seem vague to most of us, but to Adelson the distinction between what he regards as controlled gambling and gambling without controls on who loses and how much, is a difference between a moral business and an immoral one. This author disagrees. Twenty-eight NFL teams have cut deals with Draft Kings or Fan Duels. Adelson says the league is involved with gambling already. The claim that DFS is not gambling is fallacious. DFS makes everyone with a cell phone a potential gambler, and a potential addict. Adelson views that as immoral because of the access to the poor and the young because the DFS sites cannot card their patrons. When asked if he would provide lounges for DFS players in his casinos as some Las Vegas casinos have done for a share of the profits, he replied, “NEVER!”   Daniel Roberts, September 9, 2016.

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